shooting of an unarmed black teenager, michael brown. >> buildings in flames all over ferguson, missouri. police say a number have been totally destroyed. for protesters here, the jury decision not to indict police officer deren wilson has been the final straw. for a minority, their bangor -- their anger boiled over into violence. >> i am disappointed this evening. i really don't have any hesitation in telling you that i did not see a lot of peaceful protest out there tonight. i'm not saying there were not folks at there for the right reason. but i am saying that unfortunately, this spun out of control. what have seen tonight is probably much worse than the worst night we ever had in august. x he said he initially instructed officers to stay back from protesters, but they had come under unprovoked gunfire. officers who formed a wall of riot shields were pelted with bottles and cans.
they fired back with tear gas and flash grenades. they were also incidences of looting. but the majority of marches were peaceful. and some formed barricades to protect local businesses from violent elements. dozens of police and military vehicles, including tanks were poised for further unrest. michael brown's emotional mother was among the crowd. brown's family had earlier urged protesters to refrain from violence. morocco -- >> barack obama has added to those calls coming from restraint in a press conference limited the after the decision came out. it has done little to calm the anger. here are -- here's more on the reasons behind the grand jury decision. >> the atmosphere was tense as hundreds gathered outside the ferguson police station awaiting
the grand jury decision. >> they determine that no probable cause exists to file any charge against officer wilson and returned a no true bill on each of the five indictments. >> officials said inconsistencies in eyewitness testimony had made it difficult to determine what really happened. in the end, the forensic evidence through into doubt the story that michael brown had been shot dead even though he had his hands raised. >> decisions on a matter of serious is charging an individual with a crime simply cannot be decided on anything less than a complete critical emanation of all available evidence. anything less is not justice. -- critical examination of all available evidence. anything less is not justice. >> immediately after, president obama made an appeal to the public. >> we need to accept this was the grand jury's decision to make. there are americans who agree with it and those who are just the learned, even angry. it is an understandable -- those
who are disappointed, even angry. it is an understandable reaction. but i join michael's parents in asking anyone who protests this decision to do so peacefully. >> riots erupted after his death. despite the plea the scene had been replicated after the decision to let officer darren wilson walk free. >> douglas herbert joins me. protesters are clearly upset and that is being expressed exquisite leona street. at the prosecutor is standing by with the grand jury decided. talk us -- and that is being expressed on the street. but the prosecutor is standing by what the grand jury decided. >> this was not a court trial with a judge sitting there. it was basically a bunch of citizens, 12 citizens, selected according to the rules of grand jury selection, sort of acquiring -- according to a random selection, represent a
cross-section of the community. it was basically an investigation into the shooting. they had all of these witnesses, hundreds of photographs. they had a lot of forensic experts, medical examiners coming before them to in great detail to testify in order for these people to then determine whether they have enough evidence -- and it does not have to be the honda reasonable doubt. it is not a court trial. -- and it does not have to be be on reasonable doubt. it is not a court trial. it is just probable cause to bring charges to indict. that was not the case here. yes, there was contradictory testimony, testimony saying that the officer shot michael brown in the back as he was retreating and all of that. the medical examiner's told the grand jury that they did not find any entrance wound in the back. there was enough doubt thrown over a lot of that contradictory testimony to lead this jury --
yes, it was a jury composed of nine white jurors and three black in a community where the city is two thirds black. they did not feel they have the probable cause to push for an indictment. the prosecutor in a very rare move extra narrowly rare, released the testimony in the documents. it's very thick. -- extraordinarily rare, release the testimony of the documents. it's very thick. the transcript almost always kept secret. >> what does this mean for officer darren wilson himself? will other charges be brought against him? >> on the local level, he is clear. on the federal level, the u.s. justice department is pursuing its own investigation. two separate and sort of
parallel investigations. one is looking into the practices of the ferguson police department itself. they will be asking themselves whether or not the police officers routinely engaged in racial profiling using race as a basis for making his decisions. and whether they also used excessive force. that could result in the department -- we seen this before with other police departments. and there is a civil rights case being considered against the police officer himself, but it is unlikely given the lack of evidence given to the grand jury in this case. >> the protests against the grand jury decision have spread out across the country away from ferguson. thousands have turned out to rally in cities from los angeles to new york. there were chance of "hands up, don't shoot!" that is the slogan that has become the rallying cry in those protests throughout the united states.
now to tunisia, where the two front runners in sunday's landmark presidential elections are heading for a runoff vote in december. in the first round of voting, the income and president moncef marzouki got 33% of the vote, the hind beji caid essebsi, who brought in 39.46%. for a bit more on this, let's bring in maisa awwad in tunisia. this was not much of a surprise for anyone. >> yes, a runoff will take place. as you just said, essebsi obtained 39.4 percent and months of my suki was in second place -- and marzouki was in second place with 37%.
the difference between the two is not even 2%. let's not forget that exit polls predicted a big difference between the two candidates. that turned out not to be accurate. candidates have three days to appeal. we might be seeing so many contests presented to this court . but we can also talk about other candidates if we are talking about surprise. the candidate of the popular front, 7.8% of the vote. and in fourth place, i very controversial candidate. he thinks that islam can be a
source of administration. and a businessman who conducted a very successful campaign among young people in tunisia. basically, the second round, we will see alliances between disparate candidates. and let's not forget that marzouki is the current president and he is relying on the support of some opponents. also, we have to wait and see where the party will be standing for this final and very important second round.
>> thanks very much, reporting from tunisia. pope francis has criticized what he calls an elderly europe. speaking at the european parliament in strasbourg, in france, he said the european world seems to be taking a back seat to world affairs. here is more on the pope's speech to the european parliament. >> it's very clear that he gave a very social message a very philosophical address, if you like to the european parliament. it was interrupted at several stages by applause and a standing ovation at the end. but you are right in saying he was very critical about the direction in which europe is moving right now, that they seem to be replacing the european idea with too much of an emphasis on the economy and economic issues.
he described europe as being like a grandmother, no longer fertile or lively, and less and less of a protagonist in world issues. he talked about focusing on the dignity of the human person and the culture of human rights that has to include both the aspects of the individual, but also the duty to the community. he touched on the disease of loneliness in europe, talking about how loneliness is affecting the elderly, the poor and muddy immigrants, those without work -- the poor, the immigrants, those without work. and of course, facing a crisis in an implement, particularly among the youth. he said there was too much of a throwaway culture and the need -- and that there is a need to protect the marginalized in society. some concern within the cap and church -- some of the concerned within the catholic church might focus on the fact that he talked about rejecting the l and the
abandon as well as children. -- about protecting the elderly and abandoned and children. he has said this was the greatest mistake, not protecting them and that technology should not be allowed to take over. touching on a variety of issues including respect and care for the environment. a lot of topics, but it seemed to have been well received by the parliamentarians. >> next, more legal trouble for former portuguese prime minister secretary. on friday, he was arrested on suspicion of corruption and tax fraud. there is enough evidence to keep him in jail. >> after three days of intense questioning, a portuguese judge handed down his decision late monday night. the country's former prime minister would remain in custody on accusations of corruption and
fraud. >> he is an provisional detention. good night and thank you. >> his lawyer quickly contested this retention. >> in regard to this decision, i find it profoundly unfair and unjustified. it is what any lawyer would say, but in this case, it is sincere. unless my client has ordered me to otherwise, i will appeal. >> after a flight from paris, socrates was arrested at lisbon's airport on friday along with three others, including his driver. investigators are looking into a luxury apartment in paris and rumors of cash transfers. portugal's prime minister from 2005-11, socrates resigned in the wake of the eu economic crisis, which forced his government to request a massive international bailout.
it could have dire con they are hoping to enough for majority in parliament next year. according to some analysts, the accusations could help the current center-right government. >> there is greater damage to be done to the political fabric within europe. portugal has elections in 2015. as does greece and spain. politically, it could be fairly significant going forward. >> prosecutors will now conduct a further investigation before presenting formal charges. flex let's take a look at -- >> let's take a look at headlines. fires and looting breakout in ferguson, missouri after a grand jury decides not to charge the white police officer who fatally shot unarmed back teenager michael brown. some 68 people have been arrested so far. the first results from sunday's landmark presidential election in tunisia have come out. as expected, islamic politician
essebsi will face-off against marzouki next month. and pope francis slams what he calls an elderly europe. speaking at the parliament in strasburg, he says the eu seems to be taking a back world -- backseat role in world affairs. it's time to look at headlines around the world. we have flooded with us on set. lots of information on the decision -- we have flow with us on set. lots of information on the decision not to indict the officer in ferguson, missouri. >> it's getting a lot of attention, especially in the u.s. media. i pulled out an article from the "washington post" that describes what this grand jury decision means. darren wilson, a white police officer, will face no state charges for shooting dead michael brown. he was that unarmed black teenager who was shot dead in august.
this immediately triggered outrage and protests, violent protests in ferguson, and not only in ferguson. it was nationwide. there were protests in chicago new york city. barack obama called for calm, as did michael brown family. they urged protesters to remain peaceful, but rejected the outcome, saying we are profoundly disappointed that the killer of our child will not face the consequences of his actions. >> and there has been a lot of opinion about this decision. but i pulled out an article from the daily beast that said that pretty much, the grand jury bought wilson's account of what happened first of but in truth to my cases like this are really difficult to discern what happened given the massive confusing and sometimes contradictory accounts. this article really hopes that the missouri legal system will make all evidence public. this article is also critical of
missouri law that regulates the use of deadly force by police officers. this article says that missouri law pretty much follows the old common-law rule, which is that it is lawful to shoot and kill a fleeing suspected felon even if the suspect doesn't pose an immediate danger to the police or to the public. this article is critical of that law. and i pulled out another one from "the nation," which says that this missouri law is not an outlier. it is fully in sync with the supreme court's jurisprudence. the article is critical of what it calls a system that protects the police. it is not just something that happens in ferguson. according to this article, it is impossible in general to indict a cop. although the grand jury's response is shocking in ferguson but depressingly predictable, according to this article in "the nation." >> a frightening new study about pollution here in paris.
>> that is right. the front page says it is quite alarming and that breathing in did -- breeding in paris is dangerous for your -- breathing in paris is dangerous for your help. the results says that at worst pollution in paris is as bad as being stuck in a 20 square meter room with eight smokers. that is some pretty intense secondhand smoke. despite pollution, and mainly due to heavy traffic and industrial freedoms, you can see they make it hard to actually see the eiffel tower on some days. if you are in paris this past winter, you might have noticed it yourself. but it also has important consequences for people's health. this article points out that the fine particle matter that is in pollution can cause asthma and heart disease. the city of lights may have lots
of things to offer visitors, but clean air is not one of them. >> lets head now to turkey where the turkish president is getting a lot of criticism in the press because of comments he made about women. >> that is right, you can read it all over the press, but i pulled out one article that pretty much sums up what he said. he said that women are not equal to men. he said that they are made for motherhood. you can imagine his comments have john criticism. also the fact that he was speaking at a summit on justice for women. his audience was mainly women. >> interesting. on a lighter note, coffee in outer space. >> yes yesterday, an espresso machine was delivered to the space station. it was an italian astronaut. >> the first female italian
oster not. >> -- astronaut. >> yes, and it turns out making copy in space is really rocket science, because making espresso here on earth, we use gravity. this was a scientific feat to be able to bring this machine into outer space. the one downside is that the machine ways 20 kilos. that is the same as all of the scientific instruments used on that probe. >> i guess italians really need their coffee. thank you for watching france 24. next up, business. we have stephen carroll you're on set to help us. let's start with the latest on this controversial deal to sell french warships to russia. >> the delivery of those ships has been the suspended -- has been to spend it until further notice. the situation in ukraine did not
allow those ships to be handed over for now. the first of the vessels was meant to be delivered to russia in october. it is a contract worth some 1.2 billion euros. the russian defense ministry said it will not see completion of that deal. the organization of economic cooperation and of economic cooperation and government says weak growth in the eurozone poses a major risk to growth around the world. it calls for a softening of tough budget rules to help struggling economies. the oed -- the oecd says budgets proposed by france and italy contain the appropriate balance of cuts and stimulus measures. this comes as paris and rome await formal approval from the european commission for their spending plans next year. despite not meeting those deficit targets francis -- france's budget is excited to be approved.
>> what is happening on the markets? >> investors in europe are said to be hoping for more central-bank support. more positive territory in this midpoint of the trading day. the group that owns castor ramah brand here in france has fallen by 9%. let's check in on what is happening with oil. this ahead of the meeting of the opec oil-producing nations on thursday. oil falling pretty dramatically about 30% since june. they will have to decide what they will do about that. the price of brent crude is stable today, but still underrated there -- $80 -- under $80 per barrel. >> and getting ready for a christmas season. >> the christmas market dates back to 1770 in the eastern city of strasbourg. market day has become a huge draw for the crowds with 15 million people visiting the one
in paris last year. it is big business, too. >> strasburg christmas market is the oldest in france, and also the most famous. >> mold wine get the best here. because i made it myself, sir. that's what i'm good at. >> 500 years old, the christmas market in france has a focus on artesia goods and attracting visitors from far and wide. -- arden isartisinal goods and attracting visitors from far and wide. >> it is 50% of our turnover, so it's lucrative. if it wasn't, we would not be doing this. >> renting a stall can cost up to 40,000 euros for the season forcing many to turn to cheaper
wares from china to sell. it's not quite the same league as a strasburg market, to the regret of some city counselors. >> there is nothing that is worthy of the paris brand. there is nothing that contributes to the reputation of paris. the repetition of the "made in france" brand. we are at a fun fair. it is nice, but what a great opportunity missed. >> but the city laws says -- the city laws say trend laws cannot be included. the market welcomed 15 million people last christmas. >> a quick look at some of today's other business stories. facing a criminal trial in france over allegations it bribed iranian officials to win an oil and gas project. they will be charged with corruption of a foreign h
ral world, has been an important access point to the sacred. and as we experience the wondrous spectrum of life forms that surround us here on earth, perhaps the most urgent question of the 21st century is, how do we balance the biological needs of other species with our seemingly unending needs as humans? since all life on earth shares the same home, we find ourselves